Hello to everybody, I am sorry for my absence I was just a bit busy but today we are discussing another thing. I do not think that our today's topic can catch many people attention because the stained glass windows or just elements are a really specific subject. Well, if you are fond of this kind of art or just an interested reader let us start...
Stained glass windows are those that are of colored stones setting up a special pattern or some subject. During the whole thousand-year-old History only the Church windows used to be called the stained glass ones as well as the Mosques and other significant buildings' windows. Although traditionally the stained glass windows were made of flat panels and were used as windows, the work of up to date stained-glass masters are sometimes 3D structures and sculptures.
The main material for the stained-glass is the a glass painted with metal salts while manufacturing. The colored glass is in the stained-glass frames where the small glass pieces forming patterns and images fastened together with the lead stripes and maintained by solid frame.
Stained glass windows as art and craft require skill and science. The windows shall be tight-fitting to the area they were made for, be water-proof and wind resistant and moreover they have to sustain their own weight. Many stained-glass windows are time-proved and remain unbroken since The Middle Ages. The purpose of the stained-glass is not to allow the visitors what is outside as well as transmitting light. That is why they were usually described as beaming wall ornaments.
The window design can be abstract or shaped. It can include Biblical, literature scenes or depicts Saints and patrons and use symbolical motive and heraldry elements. Every building had its own thematic stained glass, for instance for Church the artists used symbolic life of Christ and in for the Houses of Parliament there were used the shields of the electoral districts, in a college hall there were the figures symbolizing science, crafts and arts and in the houses there were flora, fauna and landscape.
In late Middle Ages the glass-works used to be set up where were the silisic quarries because the silicon is necessary for glass producing. The silicon requires high fusion tempearture. Such materials as potassium and sodium carbonate and lead are added up to low the fusion temperature. The other substances like lime are used to restore the weakened net and render the glass more resistant.
If I awoke your interest in all above mentioned. I hope you wouldn't mind my passing on the history of the stained-glass windows? Good.
Stained-glass manufacturing started from the Ancientry. The Egyptians and Romans got succeed in the producing of small colored glasswear. Phoenicia was the main center in the stained-glass area. In the early Christian places of worship there remained many stained-glass panes in wooden frames with artistic patterns making a stained-glass effect. In Great britain the traces of stained-glass in Britain can be seen at the churches and abbeys of 7th C. The earliest and more famous are dated 675 AC and belong to the St. Paul's Cathedral that bishop founed for the Monkwearmouth town. Hundreds of colored glass pieces dated the end of &th C. were discovered in Yarrow town. Manufacturing of the stained-glass spread over more and more and Chartre in France became the centre of the stained-glass production, there artists created the glass of excellent quality.
Stained-glass is a really old invention but it still gain the lead among the up to date things.
Frankly while I was writing the article and found out some peculiar things about stained-glass producing and its history, I got more and more affascinated with it but unfortunately I have to say farewell. But it is not a cause to get upset, let's see in my next public!
Выставка «Тканое великолепие. Шпалеры XVI–XVII веков»
Выставка Ивана Похитонова в Третьяковской галерее
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